The Beatlesbeatles.jpeg
Joanna Vederman and Kelly Loughridge
Mrs. Price
Honors American Century
May 18, 2011

Birth's and Death's of the The Beatles:

June 23, 1940, Stuart Sutcliffe is born in Edinburgh, Scotland. Died April 10, 1962, because of a brain hemorrhage.
July 7, 1940, Richard Starkey, Ringo Starr, is born in Liverpool. He is alive today.
October 9, 1940, John Lennon is born in Liverpool. Died December 8, 1980, murdered by a fan.
January 24,, 1941, Pete Best is born in Madras, India. He is alive today.
June 18, 1942 Paul McCartney is born in Liverpool. He is alive today.
February 25, 1943, George Harrison is born in Liverpool. Died November 29, 2001 of lung cancer.


The Creation and Initial Band Members Pre 1960

In 1957, John Lennon, 16, forms a band called the Black Jacks with Pete Shotton, Tommy Moore, and Ken Brown. Several weeks later, the boys decide to change the name of the band to The Quarrymen, after the school they attended, Quarry Bank Grammar. Three months later, Paul McCartney is asked to join the Quarrymen, and a year after that George Harrison is asked to join the Quarrymen. October 10th 1959 Ken Brown leaves the band.

In 1960…

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January of 1960, Stuart “Stu” Sutcliffe, a friend of Johns attending Liverpool Collage for Art, was asked to join and play bass guitar. They do some small concerts for a while, and in May they change their name to the Silver Beetles. During their tour, they all come up with stage names. John became Long John, Paul became Paul Ramon, Stu became Stuart de Staël, and George became Carl Harrison. After the tour,in June Tommy Moore leaves the beatles and a month later, Pete Best is hired as the new drummer, and the band name changes again to The Silver Beatles (now an A instead of an E). Five days later, on August 17, 1960, the band finally becomes The Beatles.

The first known recording of the Beatles was in 1960, when the Akustic Studio in Hamburg, Germany, McCartney, Lennon, and Harrison performed a demonstration for another band called Rory Storm and the Hurricanes. Best was missing, so Rory’s drummer, none other than Ringo Starr, steps in and plays drums for this recording. None of these recordings were known to survive.

Later that year in November, while The Beatles were touring in Germany, George was deported on the 21st because he was under 18 years of age and lacked a work permit. Ten days later, Paul and Pete were also deported, being accused of arson. The last of the Beatles, John and Stu, return on the 10th.

The year the Beatles are finally born

1961 looked uneventful until March 15th, when Stuart Sutcliffe decided stay in Germany permanently for art, and to get engaged to his sweetheart, Astrid Kirchherr. The Beatles, still in Germany, record vocals for Tony Sheridan’s My Bonnie album and are credited as only “The Beat Boys”. The vocals were such a success that the producer Bert Kaempfert, decides to sign them a 1 year contract. Three days later the boys head back to Liverpool.

October 28th, 1962, Brian Epstine first hears of the Beatles. He arranged to have them meet December third. They sign Brian finally as their manager on January 21st, 1962. Sadly, on April 10th, 1962, Stu died of a brain hemorrhage. The Beatles were devastated by the loss of their friend, and in his honor, all of the boys adapted the famous mop top hairstyle.

April 23rd, the “My Bonnie” single is released in the US. This is the first time America will hear of the Beatles, and defiantly not their last. June 6th, the Beatles audition for George Marin, a producer, and are successfully signed. The same day, the Beatles go to Abby Road Studios and record a test. Epstine decided to use a session drummer instead of Pete Best. On August 14th, Epstein asks Ringo to permanently join the band, and two days later, he informs Best that he is fired. Ringo officially joins the band on August 18th.

August 23, the first of the Beatles gets married. John married Cynthia Powell at the Mount Pleasant Register Office in Liverpool. In September, the first Abby Road recording session happens and “love me do” and “how do you do it” are recorded. October 17th the Beatles make their television debute on Granada’s People and Places in the UK, and 9 days later, Love Me Do enters the UK Singles Chart as number 17. It is the first of many hits by the Beatles.

1963

askmewhy-please.jpgJanuary 11, 1963 the second Beatles single is released. “Please Please Me” goes straight to number 1 on the British charts on February 22 and stays there for two straight weeks. On February 11th, the Beatles had recorded “Please Please Me” the album, and it had 10 songs including “love me do” and “ask me why”. March 22 the album is released and hits number one, where it stays for 29 weeks.

April 8, 1963, Julian Lennon is born to John and Cynthia in Liverpool. October 13th, the Beatles play on “Sunday Night at the London Palladium” which is the same thing as Ed Sullivan but in England. Then, on Halloween night, Ed Sullivan got his first glance of Beatlemania, when his plane was delayed due to hundreds of Beatles fans. Ed asked a fan,” Who the hell are the Beatles?” Little did he know that they were about to be the biggest thing the world had ever seen.

November 22, the bands second album “with the beatles” is released inm the U.K, and takes the top position for 21 weeks. It features “All My Loving” and such songs. It succeeded the first album and together the Beatles held the top album spots for 51 weeks in a row. December 7, 1963, “The CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite” featured footage of a beatles concert and Jack Paar’s show was the first to actually show a clip of a beatles song when on January 3, 1964, “She Loves You” was shown on US air ways. December 17, 1963 was also the first time when a beatles song was played on the radio. James Carroll played “I Want To Hold Your Hand” which he had gotten from his girlfriend who had brought the song back from a recent trip to Brittan. Beatlemania had finally arrived.

1964: Beatlemania sweeps America

January 20, 1964, the album “meet the beatles” is released in the US by Capitol Records. Febuary 15, the record hit number 1 Beatles_Ed_Sullivan.jpgwhere it remained for 11 months. Febuary 24, the beatles landed at JFK
airport in New York and the invasion begins. The beatles first perform on “The Ed Sullivan Show” on Febuary 9 th, and 23,240,000 houses tune in, setting a record of 73 million people watching the beatles performance. They performed five songs; All my loving, till there was you, she loves you, I saw her standing there, and I wanna hold your hand. Two days later, they travled to Washington DC, and performed at the Washington Coliseum for their first live concert. The next show, the next day, was at Carnegie Hall in NYC, and on the 16th, the beatles perform again on “The Ed Sullivan Show”, and rake in another 70 million viewers, and 22,445,000 households. This performance was live from the Deauville Hotel in Maimi Beach, Florida. They perform again on Ed’s show on the 23rd.

March 2nd, filming begins for “A Hard Day’s Night”, the Beatles first film, and filming is complete in only eight weeks. March 31st, the beatles hold the top five spots on the billboard slot in the US: 1, cant buy me love. 2, twist and shout. 3, she loves you. 4, I wanna hold your hand. and 5, please please me. On April 4th, they hold 14 slots on the billboard chart. July 16, the Hard Days film premiers in London and is a smashing hit. Four days later, the album Hard Days Night hits the UK, and takes the number one slot. The same album is released August 11 in America and tops the charts there as well. The beatles started their USA/Canada tour in San Fransisco, Cailfornia at Cow Palace. The tour lasts for a month. December 4, the album “Beatles For Sale” is released in the UK, and to no surprise hits number 1 on the charts. When released in America, it hits the top and at the end of the year was awarded number three on the top five best albums of the year. The beatles also recived the “Best New Artist” award.

1965

February 23, the Beatles begin filming for the Beatles second film “Help!” The move opened in London July 29, 1965 and in the U.S. on August 11th. August 6 the album for “Help!” was released in the UK and became a number one hit. The beatles were also named Members of the Brittish Empire by the Queen and in October they were given medals by the Queen herself at the Palace. August 15, the beatles played for 55,6000 people at Shea Stadium in New York and the beatles got $160,000 out of the $304,000 made. December third, Rubber Soul was release in the UK, and in the US and reached number one on the charts. Ringo also got married that year on Febuary 11, and Zak Starkey was born to Ringo and Maureen. “Help!” was awarded number one album of the year.

1966-1967
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The large events that happened in the year 1966 for The Beatles were: on January 21, 1966 George Harrison married Pattie Boyd at the Leatherhead and Esher Registry Office, having Paul McCartney and Brian Epstein as the best men. Throughout the year The Beatles record and release many hit singles such as "Nowhere Man/What goes On" in February and others. August 5th was the release of their album "Revolver" which became #1 in both the United Kingdom and the United States. That same month, on the 29th, The Beatles preformed in their last concert at Candlestick Park, San Fransisco. They decided to focus on recording new albums in the studio.

The most popular album in the year of 1970 was Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, which was released June 1st. This album was a top charting album all over the world. It was number one album for 19 weeks in the U.S. It also won a Grammy for Best Album, along with three others. The next big thing that happened was The Beatles starring in "Our World", which was a 2 hour television program that was televised around the world. Their performance of "All You Need is Love" marked the first live, televised program to go out worldwide.

In an unfortunate turn of events, Brian Epstein dies from a drug overdose on August 27th, which The Beatles are informed about while visiting a spiritual leader in Wales. Upon hearing the news they leave the seminar given by the spiritual leader. On November 27th another album released by the Beatles, “Magical Mystery Tour”, is a number 1 hit. One month later, on the 26th, the T.V. special of the “Magical Mystery Tour” aired in the United Kingdom, bringing in harsh comments from critics.

1968-1969

At the beginning of 1968 "The Beatles" was number 4, the "Magical Mystery Tour" was ranked number 3, and "Abby Road" was number 1. Beginning the year in February, the Beatles traveled to India to go to a seminar for a couple of weeks. The next couple of months passed without many large-scale events. Then on May 14th John and Paul were on "The Tonight Show" to announce that their company, Apple Corps desire to help other new artists. Before July 17, 1968 no band had made an animated music video. Not until The Beatles released their music video of "Yellow Submarine" in London. It was obsessed over a few months later when it was aired in America. Their next album, that came out November 22, was extremely popular, but was believed to have strayed from the normal style of The Beatles's music. The last important event of that year was the divorce of John and Cynthia is completed November 8th.

As their last public performance on January 30th, 1969, The Beatles play on top of the roof of the Apple office in Savile Row for 42 minutes. They played 6 different songs, and then repeated some. Up to this point John was the only Beatle who was married, although he had gotten divorced, but then on March 12th Paul McCartney marries Linda Eastman at the Marylebone Registry Office. Shortly after, on March 20th John Lennon marries Ono in Gibraltar. On September 20th Lennon reveals to Paul and Ringo that he is planning on leaving The Beatles while they were at a new recording contract meeting. Paul was successful in talking Lennon out of publicly leaving the band, which he did multiple times with the members of the band, but in an unfortunate twist Paul announces in April of 1970 that The Beatles are disbanding. Contrary to many people's belief "Let it Be" was not The Beatles's last album. It was the last one that was released but it was recorded in 1969 to get back to the original style of their music. Unfortunately, the band disliked the way it was produced and they set it aside while they recorded and released "Abby Road" on September 26th. After the popularity that "Abby Road" brought, the band gave the "Let it Be" album to Phil Spector who reproduced it then released it in 1970.

1970's

Just before the release of "Let it Be", on May 8th, the band broke up. Just like many of their other albums, "Let it Be" topped the charts in both America and the United Kingdom. On May 20th the movie for "Let it Be" airs in London, to which none of the Beatles attend. In more personal news, on November 17th, 1970 Ringo and Maureen Starkey's child, Lee Starkey is born. The last event of 1970 is a sad one, being Paul's suit filed to dissolve the Beatles's partnership.

Events 1971-1981

Most events of the following years consist of the band member's personal affairs, such as children being born, marriages,or divorces.
-Paul and Linda McCartney's daughter, Stella McCartney is born in September 13, 1971.
-Then in June of 1974 George and Pattie Harrison divorce.
-Ringo Starr had an affair with Nancy Lee Andrews, an American model. On July 17th, 1975 Ringo Starr and Maureen Starkey are officially divorced.
-On October 9, 1975 Sean Lennon, John and Yoko Ono's child, is born.
-Paul and Linda McCartney have another child, James McCartney, September 12th, 1977
-Before George Harrison marries Olivia Trinidad Arias on September 2nd of 1978, they have a child, Dhani Harrison, in August
-To the dismay of the public, someone shoots Lennon on December 8th, 1980 and he dies outside his apartment in New York.
-On April 27th, 1981 Ringo is remarried to Barbara Bach.

1990's and Beyond
Even after the break up of The Beatles, their albums were still topping the charts. The album "Anthology", which was a compilation of different recordings of John Lennon was number 5 on the list of top albums. The Rolling Stones Magazine's top 10 were:
10. While my Guitar Gently Weeps
9. Come Together
8. Let it Be
7. Hey Jude

6. Something
5. In my Life
4. Yesterday
3. Strawberry Fields Forever
2. I Want To Hold Your Hand
1. A day In the Life

The Beatles are considered the best selling band of all time with more best selling albums and holding top spots longer than any other band. In the Billboard Magazines 15th anniversary edition they named The Beatles as the number 1 out of 100 artists of all time. They won 7 Grammys and were included in Time magazine's 100 most influential people. Unfortunately, on November 29, 2001 George Harrison dies from lung cancer, but Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr are still alive today. The most recent happening with The Beatles is the release of the Beatles Catalog on iTunes in 2010.

Other Facts
  • The Beatles were such a huge success, they were given the royal award: The Member of the Order of the British Empire, or M.B.E. When Ringo was asked about the M.B.E., he stated, “I’ll keep it to dust when I’m old.”
  • Paul McCartney wrote Hey Jude for Julian Lennon, John’s son.
  • After Penny Lane became a top hit song, the actually Penny Lane street sign would disappear, as on the read Abbey Road, that the town simply painted Penny Lane on the buildings, rather than keep replacing the sign.
  • Strawberry Fields was a real place, a children’s home run by the Salvation Army. It was located near Johns home, and demolished in the 1960’s. John sent a large donation to the home before his death and Strawberry Fields named one of it’s buildings Lennon Hall. Yoko still sends cash to the home.
  • On the cover of Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band are Stu Sutcliff, Laurel and Hardy, Karl Marx, Bob Dylan, and Shirley Temple. Shirley visited the Beatles in 1964, and when asked permission to use her image on the cover, she insisted on hearing the album before granting permission. She was the only one to ask so.
  • She Said She Said was inspired by an LSD trip with Peter Fonda in August late 1965. According to Lennon, Fonda kept saying, “I know what it’s like to be dead” and “you’re making me feel like I’ve never been born”. Lennon later used those words in the lyrics to She Said She Said.
  • Bob Dylan was the one to introduce the Beatles to marijuana in 1964. Bob had assumed that the boys had smoked before, and was only informed later that the boys had never smoked. Guess Bob thought it was HIGH time to change that. J
  • Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds was prompted by Julian Lennon’s drawing that he brought home from school, and not from an LSD trip. John is said to have preferred Elton John’s version better, and even played background guitar and vocals on John’s version, credited as “Dr. Winston O’Boogie and his Reggae Guitars.”

Works Cited
“The Beatles Biography.” The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, Inc., n.d. Web. 16 May 2011.
“Beatles Facts.” The Beatles At the Web Spot. N.p., 26 Feb. 2007. Web. 17 May 2011.
Goodwin, Susan, and Becky Bradley. “1960-1969.” American Cultural History. Lone Star College- Kingwood Library, 1999. Web. 17 May 2011.
Israel, David K. “9 Beatle Facts you probably didn’t know.” my Snark. N.p., 9 Sept. 2009. Web. 17 May 2011.
Loder, Kurt. “The Beatles.” Time 100 8 June 1998: 1 - 4. Time. Web. 17 May 2011.
“1960’s Music.” 1960’s Flashback. Trader’s Edge LLC - Internet Development & Web Hosting, 2001. Web. 17 May 2011.
“Top 100 Songs/‌Top 100 Hits.” Music Outfitters. Music Outfitters, Inc., 1998-2011. Web. 17 May 2011.
Wenner, Jann S., ed. “The Beatles.” Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone, 2011. Web. 17 May 2011.