Andy Warhol and Pop Art

Hallie Berson
Mrs. Price
Honors American History 10˚
5/13/11

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Background/Overview

Andy Warhol is commonly known as a painter, filmmaker, and a printmaker. He is also one of the leading figures in the visual art movement. Pop Art is often associated with Andy Warhol and isolates the subject from the background, and adds further interest as it combines with other objects. The concept of pop art refers more to the attitudes that led to it, rather than the actual artwork.

Who

Andy Warhol, Born in Pittsburgh as Andrew Warhola to Andrij and Julia Warhola, who were born in Slovakia but later moved to the United States of America after having their first child. When Andy Warhol was in the third grade, he got chorea, which was a complication of scarlet fever. To make matters worse, he became a hypochondriac and developed a fear of hospitals and doctors. At an early age, Andy showed artistic talent and received an education at Carnegie Mellon University. After college, he began a career in magazine advertising and illustration. After opening up a successful art exhibit and starting his career off as a Pop artist, he was shot a few years later by a former groupie, but lived. Years later, after recovering well from a routine gallbladder surgery at New York Hospital, he died in his sleep from a sudden cardiac arrhythmia . Before he passed away, Warhol kept putting off having his recurring gallbladder problems checked because he was too afraid to go near hospitals and doctors. His family later sued the hospital for poor care, saying that his death was caused by improper care and water intoxication.


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When

During the 1950s, Warhol began showing his work off at galleries. On July 9, 1962, he created his first one man art gallery exhibition at the Ferus Gallery of L.A., which began the West Coast debut of Pop Art. In 1962, Andy created Campbell's soup label can picture, and Campbell sued him for copyright infringement. The corporation later decided it was good advertising and dropped the charges. Later, on June 3, 1968, Warhol was shot by Valerie Solanis, a former groupie turned feminist and the only member of S.C.U.M. ("The Society for Cutting Up Men") Solanis later claimed she tried to assassinate Warhol because he "had too much control over her life." Oddly enough, a woman had shot at one of the portraits of Marilyn Monroe four years previously. On February 22, 1987, Andy Warhol passed away due to complications from a routine gallbladder surgery.

Where

Andy Warhol was born in Pittsburgh, but spent the rest of his life mainly in New York. He had many factories, but used 'The Factory' the most.

What Happened?

Pop Art gave a different aspect of mass culture to advertising, comic books and other objects. It also associated with the artist's outlook on the piece of art and use of reproducing it. It often is a frequent theme but it also has no specific style. Strong and vivid colors were used to contrast the centralied image as well as the work of other abstract expressionists, who created bland artwork with no true meaning. People began to lose interest in one thing such as poetry, and became more interested in quotes, popular phrases and popular movie lines.


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Why?

Artists like Andy Warhol, Roy Lichenstein and Claes Oldenburg, tried using this form of art to show the general public how the media had begun to dominate our lives. Pop Artists began to borrow much from the advertising industry that was said to be slick, cliché-ridden, yet it all was apart of American consumerism. The subjects were remade into a simple manner that exposed the thin canvas it came from. It is said that the greatest part of pop art was the connection between popular culture and art. Pop art exemplified that knowledge no longer came from high class sources, but instead from different forms of art.

How?

It is said that the greatest part of pop art was the connection between popular culture and art. Pop art exemplified that knowledge no longer came from high class sources, but instead from different forms of art. Pop Artists then tried to blur the distinction between high class and art. For example, the general public was unsure if a Coca Cola bottle was an object, an art piece or both.

Impact (significance) of topic

Pop Art vastly expanded the horizon of art, and showed the general public that there was more to art than just pictures. Andy Warhol was dubbed 'Pop Art's King.'


Miscellaneous History

It is thought that Andy Warhol was homosexual, but he never actually admitted it publicly. He is also one of only few artists who have sold a painting at or above $100 million. The painting which he sold for that sum was "Eight Elvises"




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References/Citations



"Pop Art-What is it?" Biddington's Pop Art Gallery. Ed. Jake Biddington and
Biddington, Mrs. Biddington's Inc, n.d. Web. 17 May 2011.

"pop art." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 17 May 2011.

Gyure, Dale Allen. "Pop Art." St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. Ed. Sara Pendergast and Tom Pendergast. Vol. 4. Detroit: St. James Press, 2000. 81-82.Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 17 May 2011.


"Andy Warhol." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011.

"Andy Warhol Art Photos." Photobucket. Photobucket Corporation, 17 May 2011.
Web. 17 May 2011.

Andy Warhol Bridge." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., n.d. Web. 17 May
2011.

Denise, and CT. "Food for Fines." Dover Public Library. Blogspot, 17 May 2011.
Web. 17 May 2011.

JL. Weblog post. Redlabels. Google, n.d. Web. 17 May 2011.